The northern Syrian province of Idlib is the last final stronghold managed by forces against President Bashar al-Assad.
Syrian government forces, subsidized by using their Russian allies, have stepped up bombardment of the rebel-held territory.
According to the UN, almost 300 people have died in Idlib province and more than 300,000 humans have been displaced because the escalation of violence in May.
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Why is there a war in Syria?
Russia and Syria have accused groups controlling the region of violating the ceasefire agreement and wearing out assaults against civilians and navy positions.
In September final yr, Russia, Turkey and Iran agreed to increase a ceasefire throughout north-west Syria and impose a 30km (18.6 mile) buffer area between opposing forces.
Who controls Idlib?
Idlib has been managed via a number of rival factions, in place of a single group, since it fell to the competition in 2015.
The primary armed companies running there are:
Hayat Tahrir al-Sham (HTS, a jihadist alliance)
National Liberation Front (Turkish-sponsored rise up alliance)
Hurras al-Din (seasoned-al-Qaeda HTS offshoot)
Turkistan Islamic Party (TIP, Chinese Uighur-dominated jihadist institution)
In January 2019, Hayat Tahrir al-Sham (HTS), an alliance of jihadists organizations, released a large-scale offensive in opposition to rival revolt businesses inside the location.
HTS has now become one of the strongest militant corporations in northern Syria. It in large part controls Idlib province, which include the provincial capital and the border crossing with Turkey at Bab al-Hawa.
HTS is the contemporary incarnation of al-Nusra Front, which became al-Qaeda’s reliable associate in Syria.
In 2016, al-Nusra Front declared that it had severed formal ties with the al-Qaeda community and renamed itself Jabhat Fateh al-Sham.
The following year, it merged with numerous small jihadist organizations fighting in Syria and shaped HTS.
Although HTS insists it’s miles unbiased and not related to an external entity, the UN, US and Turkey take into account it a set associated with al-Qaeda and list it as a terrorist corporation.